Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Genet Mol Res. 2013 Feb 4;12(1):312-8. doi: 10.4238/2013.February.4.5.

5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine may influence the proliferation and apoptosis of cervical cancer cells via demethylation in a dose- and time-dependent manner.

Author information

  • 1Department of Gynecological Oncology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, PR China.


The methylation of tumor suppressor genes has been shown to be involved in many human cancers. 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR) can reactivate the expression of methylated tumor suppressor genes. In our study, 2 human cervical cancer cell lines, HeLa and SiHa, were treated with different concentrations (20, 10, 5, and 2.5 μM) of 5-Aza-CdR for 24, 48, and 72 h. After incubation, cells were analyzed by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide assay and flow cytometry. The expression of RASSF1A and APAF-1 was detected by RT-PCR. 5-Aza-CdR inhibited the growth of HeLa and SiHa cells at different concentrations. The strongest inhibition and apoptosis rates were obtained after incubation for 72 h (5.63 ± 1.38 and 8.24 ± 2.40%, respectively). No significant difference in the expression of RASSF1A was found upon drug treatment, while APAF-1 expression increased in HeLa cells after treatment (0.790 ± 0.056%). Our results suggest that the tumor-suppressive effect of 5-Aza-CdR may result from the reactivation of silenced APAF-1 through demethylation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Fundacao de Pesquisas Cientificas de Ribeirao Preto
    Loading ...
    Support Center