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Top Curr Chem. 2014;350:65-109. doi: 10.1007/128_2012_403.

Carbon nanotubes: synthesis, structure, functionalization, and characterization.

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Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Center of Excellence for Nanostructured Materials (CENMAT) and INSTM, Unit of Trieste, University of Trieste, Piazzale Europa 1, 34127, Trieste, Italy.


Carbon nanotubes have generated great expectations in the scientific arena, mainly due to their spectacular properties, which include a high aspect ratio, high strain resistance, and high strength, along with high conductivities. Nowadays, carbon nanotubes are produced by a variety of methods, each of them with advantages and disadvantages. Once produced, carbon nanotubes can be chemically modified, using a wide range of chemical reactions. Functionalization makes these long wires much easier to manipulate and dispersible in several solvents. In addition, the properties of carbon nanotubes can be combined with those of organic appendages. Finally, carbon nanotubes need to be carefully characterized, either as pristine or modified materials.


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