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J Invest Dermatol. 2013 Jul;133(7):1850-6. doi: 10.1038/jid.2012.504. Epub 2013 Feb 14.

Action spectrum analysis of UVR genotoxicity for skin: the border wavelengths between UVA and UVB can bring serious mutation loads to skin.

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1
Department of Cell Biology, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan. ikehata@med.tohoku.ac.jp

Abstract

UVR causes erythema, which has been used as a standardized index to evaluate the risk of UVR for human skin. However, the genotoxic significance of erythema has not been elucidated clearly. Here, we characterized the wavelength dependence of the genotoxic and erythematic effects of UVR for the skin by analyzing the induction kinetics of mutation and inflammation in mouse skin using lacZ-transgenic mice and monochromatic UVR sources. We determined their action spectra and found a close correlation between erythema and an epidermis-specific antigenotoxic response, mutation induction suppression (MIS), which suppressed the mutant frequencies (MFs) to a constant plateau level only 2-3-fold higher than the background MF at the cost of apoptotic cell death, suggesting that erythema may represent the threshold beyond which the antigenotoxic but tissue-destructive MIS response commences. However, we unexpectedly found that MIS attenuates remarkably at the border wavelengths between UVA and UVB around 315 nm, elevating the MF plateaus up to levels ∼40-fold higher than the background level. Thus, these border wavelengths can bring heavier mutation loads to the skin than the otherwise more mutagenic and erythematic shorter wavelengths, suggesting that erythema-based UVR risk evaluation should be reconsidered.

PMID:
23407394
DOI:
10.1038/jid.2012.504
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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