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J Aging Health. 2013 Apr;25(3):478-92. doi: 10.1177/0898264313475813. Epub 2013 Feb 13.

Performance on five times sit-to-stand task as a predictor of subsequent falls and disability in older persons.

Author information

1
School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate whether the performance on 5 times sit-to-stand test (5tSTS) can predict subsequent falls, fall-related fracture, and activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) disability in older persons.

METHODS:

A total of 948 older adults (age ≥ 60) participated in this study. Ability and the time to finish 5tSTS were recorded at baseline. Number of falls, fall-related fractures, and the ability to complete ADL and IADL without assistance were recorded retrospectively at baseline and at the 3-year follow-up.

RESULTS:

Inability to complete 5tSTS was a marginal predictor of falls (OR = 4.22) and a significant predictor of ADL- (OR = 24.70) and IADL-related disability (OR = 17.10) at 3-year follow-up. The need of longer time to complete 5tSTS was predictive of developing IADL-related disability at 3-year follow-up (OR = 4.22 [> 16.6 s]; OR = 2.49 [13.7 - 16.6 s]).

DISCUSSION:

5tSTS is an easily administered tool which can be used to predict subsequent ADL- and IADL-related disability.

PMID:
23407343
DOI:
10.1177/0898264313475813
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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