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Front Microbiol. 2013 Feb 12;4:13. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2013.00013. eCollection 2013.

Investigation of Aspergillus fumigatus biofilm formation by various "omics" approaches.

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1
Unité des Aspergillus, Institut Pasteur Paris Cedex, France.

Abstract

In the lung, Aspergillus fumigatus usually forms a dense colony of filaments embedded in a polymeric extracellular matrix called biofilm (BF). This extracellular matrix embeds and glues hyphae together and protects the fungus from an outside hostile environment. This extracellular matrix is absent in fungal colonies grown under classical liquid shake conditions (PL), which were historically used to understand A. fumigatus pathobiology. Recent works have shown that the fungus in this aerial grown BF-like state exhibits reduced susceptibility to antifungal drugs and undergoes major metabolic changes that are thought to be associated to virulence. These differences in pathological and physiological characteristics between BF and liquid shake conditions suggest that the PL condition is a poor in vitro disease model. In the laboratory, A. fumigatus mycelium embedded by the extracellular matrix can be produced in vitro in aerial condition using an agar-based medium. To provide a global and accurate understanding of A. fumigatus in vitro BF growth, we utilized microarray, RNA-sequencing, and proteomic analysis to compare the global gene and protein expression profiles of A. fumigatus grown under BF and PL conditions. In this review, we will present the different signatures obtained with these three "omics" methods. We will discuss the advantages and limitations of each method and their complementarity.

KEYWORDS:

Aspergillus fumigatus; RNA-seq; RNA-sequencing; biofilm; proteomic analysis; transcriptomic

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