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Foot Ankle Int. 2013 May;34(5):716-25. doi: 10.1177/1071100713478930. Epub 2013 Feb 13.

Metatarsal head resurfacing for advanced hallux rigidus.

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University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15215, USA.



Advanced stages of first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) arthritis have traditionally been treated with various arthroplasties or arthrodesis. Studies suggest the outcomes of arthrodesis are superior to those of metallic joint replacement; however, complications and suboptimal outcomes in active patients still remain with arthrodesis of the first MTP joint. This study reports results of patients with advanced MTP arthritis who underwent metallic resurfacing of the metatarsal side of the MTP joint.


From 2005 to 2006, 26 patients (30 implants) with stage II or III hallux rigidus underwent resurfacing with the HemiCAPĀ® implant and consented to participate in a study comparing pre- and postoperative radiographs, range of motion (ROM), American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society, and Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) scores. Average age of these patients was 51 years. Patients were assessed at a mean of 27 months with outcome measures and contacted at 60 months to assess current symptoms and satisfaction.


Assessment at 27 months demonstrated statistically significant improvements in ROM, AOFAS, and SF-36 scores (P < .05) when compared to baseline. Mean preoperative AOFAS scores improved from 51.5 to 94.1. Mean active ROM improved from 19.7 to 47.9 degrees. Mean passive ROM improved from 28.0 to 66.3 degrees. Mean RAND SF-36 physical component score improved significantly from 66.7 to 90.6. Average time for return to work was 7 days. At 60 months, all patients reported excellent satisfaction with their current state and would repeat the procedure. Implant survivorship was 87% at 5 years. Of the 30 implants, 4 were revised at 3 years.


The results at 5 years were very promising. Preservation of joint motion, alleviation of pain, and functional improvement data were very encouraging. Because minimal joint resection was performed, conversion to arthrodesis or other salvage procedures would be relatively simple if further intervention became necessary.


Level IV, prospective case series.


HemiCAPĀ®; endoprosthesis; first MTP joint; hallux rigidus; resurfacing

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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