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Environ Sci Technol. 2013 Mar 19;47(6):3006-14. doi: 10.1021/es3050604. Epub 2013 Feb 28.

Techno-economic assessment of polymer membrane systems for postcombustion carbon capture at coal-fired power plants.

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1
Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University , Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA. hbzhai@cmu.edu

Abstract

This study investigates the feasibility of polymer membrane systems for postcombustion carbon dioxide (CO(2)) capture at coal-fired power plants. Using newly developed performance and cost models, our analysis shows that membrane systems configured with multiple stages or steps are capable of meeting capture targets of 90% CO(2) removal efficiency and 95+% product purity. A combined driving force design using both compressors and vacuum pumps is most effective for reducing the cost of CO(2) avoided. Further reductions in the overall system energy penalty and cost can be obtained by recycling a portion of CO(2) via a two-stage, two-step membrane configuration with air sweep to increase the CO(2) partial pressure of feed flue gas. For a typical plant with carbon capture and storage, this yielded a 15% lower cost per metric ton of CO(2) avoided compared to a plant using a current amine-based capture system. A series of parametric analyses also is undertaken to identify paths for enhancing the viability of membrane-based capture technology.

PMID:
23406504
DOI:
10.1021/es3050604
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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