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Immunol Rev. 2013 Mar;252(1):41-51. doi: 10.1111/imr.12033.

NF-κB: roles and regulation in different CD4(+) T-cell subsets.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

The nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) family of transcription factors plays important roles in various biological processes including apoptosis, stress response, immunity, and inflammation. NF-κB signaling is involved in both immune cell development and function, and it is critical in modulation of the immune response through the transcriptional regulation of cytokine and chemokine expression. An area of great interest in T-cell-mediated adaptive immunity is the ability of naive CD4(+) T cells generated in the thymus to differentiate into various subsets including T-helper 1 (Th1), Th2, Th17, Th9, follicular helper T (Tfh), Th22, and regulatory T (Treg) cells, upon encountering different pathogens and microenvironments. In this review, we discuss the role of NF-κB pathway in the development and functional divergence of the different helper T-cell subsets as well as in regulatory T cells.

PMID:
23405894
PMCID:
PMC3576882
DOI:
10.1111/imr.12033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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