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Eur Heart J. 2013 Jun;34(22):1662-9. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/eht048. Epub 2013 Feb 12.

Frequency, causes, predictors, and clinical significance of peri-procedural myocardial infarction following percutaneous coronary intervention.

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Department of Cardiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 388-1 Poongnap-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, Korea.



Peri-procedural myocardial infarction (MI) is a not infrequent complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but conflicting information exists regarding incidence and prognostic impact of this event. We investigated frequency, causes, predictors, and clinical relevance of peri-procedural MI, using a large database.


We pooled individual patient-level data from 11 PCI studies in which peri-procedural creatine kinase-MB mass was routinely measured and mortality data were prospectively collected. Among 23 604 patients from 11 studies, 1677 {7.1% [95% confidence interval (CI) 6.8-7.5%]} had peri-procedural MI. The most common mechanism of peri-procedural MI was side-branch occlusion. Independent predictors of peri-procedural MI were older age, female gender, diabetes, hypertension, renal dysfunction, multivessel disease, left anterior descending artery disease, left main disease, bifurcation lesion, long lesion, drug-eluting stents, and number of stents. Follow-up varied from 1 year to 5 years. In a crude analysis, patients with peri-procedural MI had significantly a higher risk of mortality than those without peri-procedural MI [hazard ratio (HR) 1.47; 95% CI 1.24-1.74]. After adjustment for baseline covariates, peri-procedural MI was associated with an increased risk of mortality (HR 1.20; 95% CI 1.04-1.39).


Among patients undergoing PCI, the occurrence of peri-procedural MI measured by CK-MB mass assay was ~7%, and more than half of cases were associated with side-branch occlusion. Several higher risk patients, lesions, and procedural characteristics were independent predictors of peri-procedural MI. Peri-procedural MI was associated with an increase in mortality.


Mortality; Myocardial infarction; Percutaneous coronary intervention

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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