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J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2013 May;33(5):774-9. doi: 10.1038/jcbfm.2013.16. Epub 2013 Feb 13.

Long-term adaptation of cerebral hemodynamic response to somatosensory stimulation during chronic hypoxia in awake mice.

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1
Biophysics Program, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan.

Abstract

Effects of chronic hypoxia on hemodynamic response to sensory stimulation were investigated. Using laser-Doppler flowmetry, change in cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured in awake mice, which were housed in a hypoxic chamber (8% O₂) for 1 month. The degree of increase in CBF evoked by sensory stimulation was gradually decreased over 1 month of chronic hypoxia. No significant reduction of increase in CBF induced by hypercapnia was observed during 1 month. Voltage-sensitive dye (VSD) imaging of the somatosensory cortex showed no significant decrease in neural activation over 1 month, indicating that the reduction of increase in CBF to sensory stimulation was not caused by cerebrovascular or neural dysfunction. The simulation study showed that, when effective diffusivity for oxygen in the capillary bed (D) value increases by chronic hypoxia due to an increase in capillary blood volume, an increase in the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen utilization during neural activation can occur without any increase in CBF. Although previous study showed no direct effects of acute hypoxia on CBF response, our finding showed that hemodynamic response to neural activation could be modified in response to a change in their balance to energy demand using chronic hypoxia experiments.

PMID:
23403375
PMCID:
PMC3652699
DOI:
10.1038/jcbfm.2013.16
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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