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Gynecol Oncol. 2013 May;129(2):425-32. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2013.02.008. Epub 2013 Feb 9.

Combination of a novel HDAC inhibitor OBP-801/YM753 and a PI3K inhibitor LY294002 synergistically induces apoptosis in human endometrial carcinoma cells due to increase of Bim with accumulation of ROS.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular-Targeting Cancer Prevention, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kawaramachi-Hirokoji, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

In most endometrial carcinoma, it has been observed that the PI3K/Akt pathway is abnormally accelerated in association with mutations in PIK3CA and PTEN. The present study aimed to examine the combined effect of a novel histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor OBP-801/YM753 and a PI3K inhibitor LY294002 against human endometrial carcinoma cells.

METHODS:

The effects of OBP-801/YM753 and LY294002 on the growth of human endometrial carcinoma HEC-1A cells were examined using WST-8 and colony formation assays. The distribution of the cell cycle or apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry. The accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was measured with a 5-(and-6)-chloromethyl-2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate, acetyl ester (CM-H2DCFDA) dye. The expression of apoptosis-related proteins was investigated by Western blotting. Mice engrafted with 1×10(8) HEC-1A cells were treated with OBP-801/YM753, LY294002 or the combination, and tumor volumes were measured.

RESULTS:

The combination of OBP-801/YM753 and LY294002 significantly inhibited the cell growth on comparison with each agent alone and synergistically increased apoptosis with the induction of Bim, a well-known apoptosis inducer. Additionally, the apoptosis induced by the combination was shown to be dependent on intracellular ROS accumulation and Bim induction. Moreover, the apoptosis-inducing effect of OBP-801/YM753 with LY294002 was more potent than that of SAHA with LY294002. Combined treatment with OBP-801/YM753 and LY294002 significantly suppressed tumor growth compared to the control in vivo.

CONCLUSIONS:

The combination of OBP-801/YM753 and LY294002 is effective on the inhibition of the growth of HEC-1A cells, and we suggest that this combination is promising a novel therapeutic strategy for endometrial carcinoma.

PMID:
23403163
DOI:
10.1016/j.ygyno.2013.02.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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