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Chemosphere. 2013 Jul;92(4):421-8. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.01.038. Epub 2013 Feb 10.

Diurnal pattern in nitrous oxide emissions from a sewage-enriched river.

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State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China.


Estimates of N2O emission based on limit measurements could be highly inaccurate because of considerable diurnal variations in N2O flux due to rapid transformation of nutrients and diel change of dissolved oxygen (DO). In the present study, the N2O fluxes, dissolved N2O concentrations, and the controlling variables were measured hourly for 3d and night cycles at five sites on a typically sewage-enriched river in the Taihu region. There were no significant diurnal patterns in N2O emissions and dissolved N2O saturation, with respective mean value of 56.1μg N2O-Nm(-2)h(-1) (range=41.1μg N2O-Nm(-2)h(-1) to 87.7μg N2O-Nm(-2)h(-1)) and 813% (range=597-1372%), though distinct diurnal patterns were observed in DO concentration and river chemistry. However, the mean N2O emissions and the mean dissolved N2O saturation during the day (61.7μgNm(-2)h(-1) for N2O fluxes and 0.52μgNL(-1) for dissolved N2O saturation) were significantly higher than those during the night (50.1μgNm(-2)h(-1)for N2O fluxes and 0.44μgNL(-1) for dissolved N2O saturation). Factors controlling the N2O flux were pH, DO, NH4(+),SO4(2-), air temperature, and water temperature. Sampling at 19:00h could well represent the daily average N2O flux at the studied river.

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