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Mutat Res. 2013 Apr 15;752(1-2):57-67. doi: 10.1016/j.mrgentox.2013.01.005. Epub 2013 Feb 9.

Melatonin ameliorates bisphenol A-induced DNA damage in the germ cells of adult male rats.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health and Health Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC) that has received particular attention because of its widespread distribution in humans. Due to its chemical similarity to diethylstilbestrol, which is carcinogenic to mammals, the possible genotoxicity of BPA has already largely been evaluated. However, the results are still inconclusive and controversial. To investigate the genotoxic effects of BPA in rat germ cells and the potential protective action of melatonin against these effects, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were orally administered BPA at a dose of 200mg/kg body weight per day for ten consecutive days with or without melatonin pretreatment. The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) level and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the testes were evaluated. Subsequently, their spermatocytes were isolated, and DNA damage was assessed using an alkaline comet assay and the meiotic spread method. BPA administration did not significantly affect the weights of rats and their reproductive organs, and no alteration in sperm count was found. However, we demonstrated that BPA administration induced a significant increase in TBARS levels and a decrease in SOD activity that were concomitant with an increase in DNA migration within male germ cells and γH2AX foci formation on the autosomes of pachytene spermatocytes. Furthermore, a decrease in the proportion of 4C-cells was observed. These BPA effects were significantly alleviated by melatonin pretreatment. Nevertheless, the genotoxic effects of BPA were not accompanied by apoptosis in germ cells and morphological changes in the testes. These results indicate that BPA exposure may induce DNA damage accumulation in germ cells via oxidative stress. Moreover, melatonin may be a promising pharmacological candidate for preventing the potential genotoxicity of BPA following occupational or environmental exposure.

PMID:
23402883
DOI:
10.1016/j.mrgentox.2013.01.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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