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Acta Biomater. 2013 May;9(5):6439-49. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2013.01.042. Epub 2013 Feb 9.

Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/multiwall carbon nanotube composite coatings for improving the stability of microelectrodes in neural prostheses applications.

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  • 1College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430072, China.

Abstract

With the purpose of improving the stability of microelectrodes under continuous high charge density stimulation, which is required for neural prostheses applications such as visual prostheses, multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT)-doped poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) composite films were coated onto a platinum microelectrode by electrochemical polymerization. Galvanostatically polymerized PEDOT/MWCNT films demonstrated superior characteristics compared to polystyrene sulfonate doping and potentiostatic polymerization, including a three-dimensional cone morphology and enhanced electrochemical performance (the safe charge injection limit reached 6.2 mC cm(-2) for cathodic-first pulses). Most important of all, the improved stability of the coatings has been revealed through stimulation for 96 h using 3.0 mCc m(-2) current pulses in bicarbonate- and phosphate-buffered saline solution. Cell assays revealed that PEDOT/MWCNT films could promote the adhesion and neurite outgrowth of rat pheochromocytoma cells. Finally, platinum wires coated with PEDOT/MWCNT films were implanted into rat cortex for 6 weeks for histological evaluation. Glial fibrillary acidic protein and neuronal nuclei staining revealed that the films elicit a lower tissue response compared to platinum implants. These results suggest that the galvanostatically polymerized PEDOT/MWCNT films can improve the stability of stimulation microelectrodes and that PEDOT/MWCNT is an excellent candidate material for electrode coating for neural prostheses applications.

PMID:
23402765
DOI:
10.1016/j.actbio.2013.01.042
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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