Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Child Dev. 2013 Sep-Oct;84(5):1651-67. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12062. Epub 2013 Feb 12.

Implicit theories of personality and attributions of hostile intent: a meta-analysis, an experiment, and a longitudinal intervention.

Author information

1
University of Texas at Austin.

Abstract

Past research has shown that hostile schemas and adverse experiences predict the hostile attributional bias. This research proposes that seemingly nonhostile beliefs (implicit theories about the malleability of personality) may also play a role in shaping it. Study 1 meta-analytically summarized 11 original tests of this hypothesis (N = 1,659), and showed that among diverse adolescents aged 13-16 a fixed or entity theory about personality traits predicted greater hostile attributional biases, which mediated an effect on aggressive desires. Study 2 experimentally changed adolescents' implicit theories toward a malleable or incremental view and showed a reduction in hostile intent attributions. Study 3 delivered an incremental theory intervention that reduced hostile intent attributions and aggressive desires over an 8-month period.

PMID:
23402434
DOI:
10.1111/cdev.12062
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center