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Virol J. 2013 Feb 13;10:54. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-10-54.

A novel bocavirus in canine liver.

Author information

1
Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Bocaviruses are classified as a genus within the Parvoviridae family of single-stranded DNA viruses and are pathogenic in some mammalian species. Two species have been previously reported in dogs, minute virus of canines (MVC), associated with neonatal diseases and fertility disorders; and Canine bocavirus (CBoV), associated with respiratory disease.

FINDINGS:

In this study using deep sequencing of enriched viral particles from the liver of a dog with severe hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, necrotizing vasculitis, granulomatous lymphadenitis and anuric renal failure, we identified and characterized a novel bocavirus we named Canine bocavirus 3 (CnBoV3). The three major ORFs of CnBoV3 (NS1, NP1 and VP1) shared less than 60% aa identity with those of other bocaviruses qualifying it as a novel species based on ICTV criteria. Inverse PCR showed the presence of concatemerized or circular forms of the genome in liver.

CONCLUSIONS:

We genetically characterized a bocavirus in a dog liver that is highly distinct from prior canine bocaviruses found in respiratory and fecal samples. Its role in this animal's complex disease remains to be determined.

PMID:
23402347
PMCID:
PMC3577433
DOI:
10.1186/1743-422X-10-54
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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