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J Urol. 2013 Aug;190(2):608-14. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2013.01.104. Epub 2013 Feb 8.

Low 25-OH vitamin D is associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia.

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Department of Urology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden.



We tested the hypothesis that low vitamin D is associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia. We also studied whether body composition, sex hormones, serum sex hormone-binding globulin, albumin corrected serum calcium, adiponectin and lipid status are associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia.


We investigated 184 representative, randomly selected men 72 to 76 years old enrolled in the Gothenburg arm of the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study (MrOS). Men with a history of prostate cancer, prostate operation or medication for benign prostatic hyperplasia were excluded from study, leaving 155 available for analysis. A cross-sectional study was performed in which benign prostatic hyperplasia measured by total prostate volume was related to clinical, anthropometric, endocrine and metabolic factors on univariate and multivariate analyses with regression models.


Median prostate volume was 40 ml. In multivariate models only 25-OH vitamin D, albumin corrected serum calcium, serum sex hormone-binding globulin and high density lipoprotein cholesterol were significantly and inversely associated with large prostate glands.


The current report adds 4 independent factors associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia, including low 25-OH vitamin D, serum calcium, sex hormone-binding globulin and high density lipoprotein cholesterol.


BMI; BPH; C-reactive protein; CRP; HDL; LDL; MetS; SHBG; T2DM; benign prostatic hyperplasia; body mass index; high density lipoprotein; lipoproteins, HDL; low density lipoprotein; metabolic syndrome; prostate; prostatic hyperplasia; sex hormone-binding globulin; type II diabetes mellitus; vitamin D

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