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Acta Chir Belg. 2012 Nov-Dec;112(6):419-22.

Recurrent symptoms after stapled haemorrhoidopexy and the impact on patient satisfaction after a minimum of 2 years follow-up.

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1
Department of Abdominal Surgery, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium. albert.wolthuis@uzleuven.be

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Stapled haemorrhoidopexy came as an attractive alternative to treat grade 3 haemorrhoids. This study aims to assess the nature of recurrent symptoms and the impact on patient satisfaction after a minimum follow-up of two years in a group of patients who underwent stapled haemorrhoidopexy.

METHODS:

A standardized questionnaire was used to evaluate a consecutive group of patients by telephone treated by a stapled haemorrhoidopexy between January 2004 and December 2007. Outcome assessment comprised residual symptoms, subsequent treatment, and patient satisfaction.

RESULTS:

Hundred sixty-five patients underwent a stapled haemorrhoidopexy in the study period. Twenty-five patients (15%) were lost to follow-up. The included 140 patients presented with grade 2 (16) or grade 3 (124) prolapsing internal haemorrhoids. Median age was 50 years (range 27-79) and 56% were males. Median follow-up was 43 months (range 25-87). At final follow-up, 79 patients (56%) remained symptom-free. Nevertheless, 89% were more than satisfied. Only 11% were disappointed with the ultimate outcome. Recurrent symptoms were prolapse (52 patients), anal bleeding (46 patients), anal pressure or pain (24 patients) and pruritus (21 patients). Thirty-five patients had subsequent therapy: 20 underwent surgical resection and 15 had sclerotherapy or rubber band ligation. Patient satisfaction correlates with the number of recurrent (residual) symptoms and the need for further treatment.

CONCLUSION:

Despite the high symptomatic recurrence rate after stapled haemorrhoidopexy, 89% of patients were satisfied. This suggests that recurrent or residual symptoms after stapled haemorrhoidopexy are often less severe compared to the initial presenting symptoms.

PMID:
23397822
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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