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J Ultrasound. 2008 Jun;11(2):39-46. doi: 10.1016/j.jus.2008.02.001. Epub 2008 Mar 17.

Role of thoracic ultrasound in the assessment of pleural and pulmonary diseases.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, IRCCS "Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza" Hospital, San Giovanni Rotondo (FG), Italy.

Abstract

in English, Italian

Although numerous studies have been conducted on the use of ultrasonography (US) for the examination of thoracic structures, this procedure is not as widely accepted as abdominal US. The newer portable scanners can be used at the bedside to detect pleural malignancies and effusions, as well as peripheral lung nodules of the lung, even in seriously ill patients. Focal thickening of the pleura can be easily detected with US and further investigated with a US-guided biopsy. US guidance can also be used during percutaneous drainage of pleural effusion or transthoracic biopsy of peripheral lung lesions, thus reducing the incidence of procedure-related pneumothorax to almost zero. We review the current literature on thoracic US and present our clinical experience with the technique in large groups of patients with pleural and peripheral lung diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Biopsy; Chest; Lung; Pleura; Ultrasonography

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