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J Dent Res. 2013 Apr;92(4):335-9. doi: 10.1177/0022034513478428. Epub 2013 Feb 8.

Endothelin receptor-mediated responses in trigeminal ganglion neurons.

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1
Division of Physiology, Kokurakitaku, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Abstract

Recent evidence implicates endothelin in nociception, but it is unclear how endothelin activates trigeminal ganglion (TRG) neurons. In the present study, we investigated the expression of the endothelin receptors ETA and ETB and endothelin-induced responses in rat TRG neurons. Double-immunofluorescence studies demonstrated that ETA and ETB were expressed in TRG neurons and that 26% of ETA- or ETB-expressing neurons expressed both receptors. During whole-cell patch-clamp recording, endothelin-1 enhanced an induced current in response to capsaicin, a TRPV1 agonist, in approximately 20% of dissociated neurons. The enhancement was blocked by the PKC inhibitor chelerythrine and by the ETA antagonist BQ-123, but not by the ETB antagonist BQ-788. Ca(2+)-imaging showed that endothelin-1 increased the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in more than 20% of the dissociated neurons. Importantly, unlike the effect of endothelin-1 on capsaicin-induced current, the Ca(2+) response was largely suppressed by BQ-788 but not by BQ-123. These results suggest that ETA-mediated TRPV1 hyperactivation via PKC activation and ETB-mediated Ca(2+) mobilization occurs in different subsets of TRG neurons. These endothelin-induced responses may contribute to the induction of orofacial pain. The ETB-mediated function in TRG neurons is a special feature in the trigeminal system because of no ETB expression in dorsal root ganglion neurons.

PMID:
23396520
DOI:
10.1177/0022034513478428
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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