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Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013 Apr;79(8):2636-41. doi: 10.1128/AEM.02602-12. Epub 2013 Feb 8.

New biotransformation process for production of the fragrant compound γ-dodecalactone from 10-hydroxystearate by permeabilized Waltomyces lipofer cells.

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Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Konkuk University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.


A new biotransformation process for the production of the flavor lactone was developed by using permeabilized Waltomyces lipofer, which was selected as an efficient γ-dodecalactone-producing yeast among 10 oleaginous yeast strains. The optimal reaction conditions for γ-dodecalactone production by permeabilized W. lipofer cells were pH 6.5, 35°C, 200 rpm, 0.7 M Tris, 60 g/liter of 10-hydroxystearic acid, and 30 g/liter of cells. Under these conditions, nonpermeabilized cells produced 12 g/liter of γ-dodecalactone after 30 h, with a conversion yield of 21% (wt/wt) and a productivity of 0.4 g/liter/h, whereas permeabilized cells obtained after sequential treatments with 50% ethanol and 0.5% Triton X-100 produced 46 g/liter of γ-dodecalactone after 30 h, with a conversion yield of 76% (wt/wt) and a productivity of 1.5 g/liter/h. These values were 3.7- and 3.8-fold higher than those obtained using nonpermeabilized cells. These are the highest reported concentration, conversion yield, and productivity for the production of the bioflavor lactone.

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