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Cell Stem Cell. 2013 Feb 7;12(2):215-23. doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2012.11.021.

Secreted frizzled-related protein 3 regulates activity-dependent adult hippocampal neurogenesis.

Author information

1
Institute for Cell Engineering, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. jang.mihyeon@mayo.edu

Abstract

Adult neurogenesis, the process of generating mature neurons from adult neural stem cells, proceeds concurrently with ongoing neuronal circuit activity and is modulated by various physiological and pathological stimuli. The niche mechanism underlying the activity-dependent regulation of the sequential steps of adult neurogenesis remains largely unknown. Here, we report that neuronal activity decreases the expression of secreted frizzled-related protein 3 (sFRP3), a naturally secreted Wnt inhibitor highly expressed by adult dentate gyrus granule neurons. Sfrp3 deletion activates quiescent radial neural stem cells and promotes newborn neuron maturation, dendritic growth, and dendritic spine formation in the adult mouse hippocampus. Furthermore, sfrp3 reduction is essential for activity-induced adult neural progenitor proliferation and the acceleration of new neuron development. Our study identifies sFRP3 as an inhibitory niche factor from local mature dentate granule neurons that regulates multiple phases of adult hippocampal neurogenesis and suggests an interesting activity-dependent mechanism governing adult neurogenesis via the acute release of tonic inhibition.

PMID:
23395446
PMCID:
PMC3569732
DOI:
10.1016/j.stem.2012.11.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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