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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Feb 26;61(8):880-92. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2012.11.061. Epub 2013 Feb 6.

Outcomes after coronary computed tomography angiography in the emergency department: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials.

Author information

1
Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Departments of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division) and Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ehulten@partners.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the study was to systematically review and perform a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) versus usual care (UC) triage of acute chest pain in the emergency department (ED).

BACKGROUND:

CCTA allows rapid evaluation of patients presenting to the ED with acute chest pain syndromes; however, the impact of such testing on patient management and downstream testing has emerged as a concern.

METHODS:

We systematically searched for randomized, controlled trials of CCTA in the ED and performed a meta-analysis of clinical outcomes.

RESULTS:

Four randomized, controlled trials were included, with 1,869 patients undergoing CCTA and 1,397 undergoing UC. There were no deaths and no difference in the incidence of myocardial infarction, post-discharge ED visits, or rehospitalizations. Four studies reported decreased length of stay with CCTA and 3 reported cost savings; 8.4% of patients undergoing CCTA versus 6.3% of those receiving UC underwent invasive coronary angiography (ICA), whereas 4.6% of patients undergoing CCTA versus 2.6% of those receiving UC underwent coronary revascularization. The odds ratio of ICA for CCTA patients versus UC patients was 1.36 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03 to 1.80, p = 0.030), and for revascularization, it was 1.81 (95% CI: 1.20 to 2.72, p = 0.004). The absolute increase in ICA after CCTA was 21 per 1,000 CCTA patients (95% CI: 1.8 to 44.9), and the number needed to scan was 48. The absolute increase in revascularization after CCTA was 20 per 1,000 patients (95% CI: 5.0 to 41.4); the number needed to scan was 50. Both percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass graft surgery independently contributed to the significant increase in revascularization.

CONCLUSIONS:

Compared with UC, the use of CCTA in the ED is associated with decreased ED cost and length of stay but increased ICA and revascularization.

PMID:
23395069
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2012.11.061
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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