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Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2013 Apr;17(4):540-5. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.12.0432. Epub 2013 Feb 7.

Association between tuberculosis treatment outcomes and the mobile antiretroviral therapy programme in Zambia.

Author information

1
Japan International Cooperation Agency, Zambia Office, Lusaka, Zambia. s-miyano@it.ncgm.go.jp

Abstract

SETTING:

Free antiretroviral therapy (ART) services in Zambia were introduced in hospitals beginning in 2005 and in selected rural health centres (RHCs) beginning in 2007 through the mobile ART programme.

OBJECTIVE:

To analyse the impact of scaling up ART services on tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes in Mumbwa District, Zambia.

DESIGN:

TB patients registered at all RHCs in the district between July 2006 and September 2009 were reviewed. RHCs were divided into two groups: 'ART sites', which provided ART services after 2007, and 'non-ART sites', which did not provide such services even after 2007. A before-after comparison analysis of TB patients was conducted between the groups.

RESULTS:

A total of 732 patients were enrolled (median age 34.5 years; female 44.4%). The overall human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing rate was 72.3% and 66.7% of these patients were HIV-positive. The TB treatment success rate at the ART sites increased significantly compared to non-ART sites after the mobile ART programme was started (P < 0.01). The HIV testing acceptance rate also increased dramatically at ART sites, which facilitated intensified case finding (P = 0.02).

CONCLUSION:

Scaling up ART services in rural health facilities through the mobile ART programme was found to be associated with greatly improved anti-tuberculosis treatment outcomes.

PMID:
23394080
DOI:
10.5588/ijtld.12.0432
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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