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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2013 May;139(5):809-16. doi: 10.1007/s00432-013-1382-8. Epub 2013 Feb 8.

Androgen receptor expression is a predictive marker in chemotherapy-treated patients with endocrine receptor-positive primary breast cancers.

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1
Department of Gynecology, University Medical Center, Martinistrasse 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany. iwitzel@uke.de

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The androgen receptor (AR) is intensively discussed as a prognostic and/or predictive marker in breast cancer patients.

METHODS:

We evaluated the value of AR mRNA expression with the Affymetrix HG-U 133A array in 3 different cohorts: a cohort of breast cancer patients who received adjuvant treatment (cohort A; n = 165), a cohort of untreated breast cancer patients (cohort B; n = 200) and a cohort of chemotherapy-treated breast cancer patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive tumors (cohort C; n = 223).

RESULTS:

AR mRNA expression was associated with lower grading (Grades 1 and 2) as well as ER and progesterone receptor (PgR) positivity in all cohorts. In the treated cohort (cohort A), low androgen receptor expression was associated with shorter event-free survival (OR 2,34, 95 % CI 1.01-5.43, p = 0.047) which was not seen in the untreated cohort B. Subgroup analysis revealed that shorter survival of patients with low AR mRNA expression was observed mainly in the ER-positive subgroup of patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. In the validation cohort C we could confirm a benefit of chemotherapy for the group of tumors with high AR mRNA expression (5-year event-free survival (EFS) 74 % versus 57 %, p = 0.013). In this cohort, low AR mRNA expression was associated with shorter event-free survival also in multivariate analysis (OR 2.86, 95 % CI 1.29-6.35, p = 0.010) adjusted for HER2, ki-67, tumor size, age and tumor grade.

CONCLUSIONS:

We provide evidence that AR expression is associated with chemotherapy responsiveness in ER-positive patients.

PMID:
23392859
DOI:
10.1007/s00432-013-1382-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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