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Neurosci Lett. 2013 Feb 28;539:32-7. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2013.01.037. Epub 2013 Feb 4.

Effects of intraduodenal injection of Lactobacillus brevis SBC8803 on autonomic neurotransmission and appetite in rodents.

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ANBAS Corporation, 4-12-17 Toyosaki, Kita-ku, Osaka 531-0072, Japan.


Lactobacilli provide several health benefits to mammals, including humans. We previously observed that in rats, intraduodenal injection of Lactobacillus johnsonii La1 elevated efferent gastric vagal nerve activity (efferent-GVNA), while Lactobacillus paracasei ST11 suppressed efferent-GVNA, and thereby increased or decreased food intake. To determine the function of Lactobacillus brevis (SBC8803), its effect on food intake was examined by providing food containing heat-killed SBC8803 to mice. We observed that administration of SBC8803 elevated food intake. Because the afferent intestinal vagal nerve (IVN) is hypothesized to be involved in efferent-GVNA changes, we examined the effect of intraduodenal administration of heat-killed SBC8803 on efferent-GVNA and afferent-IVN activity (IVNA) in rats. In this study, we found that intraduodenal administration of heat-killed SBC8803 increased both efferent-GVNA and afferent-IVNA in rats. Moreover, IV administration of the serotonin 3 receptor antagonist granisetron eliminated the effects of SBC8803 on efferent-GVNA and afferent-IVNA. These findings suggest that heat-killed SBC8803 enhances appetite by elevating digestion and absorption abilities via changes in autonomic neurotransmission that might be mediated by the serotonin 3 receptor.

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