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Mol Biol Cell. 2013 Apr;24(7):995-1006. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E12-10-0723. Epub 2013 Feb 6.

Investigating lasp-2 in cell adhesion: new binding partners and roles in motility.

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1
Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA.

Abstract

Focal adhesions are intricate protein complexes that facilitate cell attachment, migration, and cellular communication. Lasp-2 (LIM-nebulette), a member of the nebulin family of actin-binding proteins, is a newly identified component of these complexes. To gain further insights into the functional role of lasp-2, we identified two additional binding partners of lasp-2: the integral focal adhesion proteins vinculin and paxillin. Of interest, the interaction of lasp-2 with its binding partners vinculin and paxillin is significantly reduced in the presence of lasp-1, another nebulin family member. The presence of lasp-2 appears to enhance the interaction of vinculin and paxillin with each other; however, as with the interaction of lasp-2 with vinculin or paxillin, this effect is greatly diminished in the presence of excess lasp-1. This suggests that the interplay between lasp-2 and lasp-1 could be an adhesion regulatory mechanism. Lasp-2's potential role in metastasis is revealed, as overexpression of lasp-2 in either SW620 or PC-3B1 cells-metastatic cancer cell lines-increases cell migration but impedes cell invasion, suggesting that the enhanced interaction of vinculin and paxillin may functionally destabilize focal adhesion composition. Taken together, these data suggest that lasp-2 has an important role in coordinating and regulating the composition and dynamics of focal adhesions.

PMID:
23389630
PMCID:
PMC3608507
DOI:
10.1091/mbc.E12-10-0723
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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