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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2013 Apr 1;304(7):F1000-8. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00434.2012. Epub 2013 Feb 6.

Renal protective effects of α-calcitonin gene-related peptide in deoxycorticosterone-salt hypertension.

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Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC 29208, USA.


Deoxycorticosterone salt (DOC-salt) hypertension-induced renal damage is enhanced in α-calcitonin gene-related peptide (α-CGRP) knockout (KO) compared with wild-type (WT) mice. However, since the α-CGRP KO mice have a 15-20 mmHg higher baseline mean arterial pressure (MAP) than WT mice, they also have a higher MAP than WT mice throughout the course of DOC-salt hypertension. To determine the mechanism by which the absence of α-CGRP enhances hypertension-induced renal damage, DOC-salt hypertension was induced in telemetry probe implanted α-CGRP KO and WT mice. To equalize the blood pressure (BP) to that of DOC-salt WT mice, an additional group of DOC-salt α-CGRP KO mice was given 0.025% hydralazine to drink. The DOC-salt protocol increased the final MAP in α-CGRP KO mice to 155 ± 6 mmHg and in WT mice to 140 ± 5 mmHg. The MAP of the hydralazine-treated DOC-salt α-CGRP KO mice was 139 ± 6 mmHg. Urinary excretion of microalbumin and isoprostane, a marker for oxidative stress, was increased, and creatinine clearance was decreased in DOC-salt α-CGRP KO compared with DOC-salt WT mice. Equalization of the MAP in DOC-salt α-CGRP KO to that of DOC-salt WT mice did not significantly improve these parameters. Renal macrophage infiltration; desmin, a marker of podocyte damage; and the inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IFN-γ and the chemokines monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α) were increased in DOC-salt α-CGRP KO mice and were not reduced by hydralazine treatment. However, BP equalization did improve the renal histopathological damage, as determined by light microscopy. Therefore, in DOC-salt hypertension in mice, the mechanism(s) of the renal protective effects of α-CGRP are both BP independent and BP dependent.

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