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Opt Express. 2012 Dec 31;20(28):29252-9. doi: 10.1364/OE.20.029252.

Experimental optimization of the optical and electrical properties of a half-wavelength-thick organic hetero-structure in a Micro-cavity.

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Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers CNRS UMR 7538, Université Paris 13, 93430 Villetaneuse, France.


In the context of progress towards the organic laser diode, we experimentally investigate the optical and electrical optimization of an OLED in a vertical λ/2 microcavity. The microcavity consists of a quarter-wavelength TiO₂/SiO₂ multilayer mirror, a half-wavelength-thick OLED and a semitransparent aluminum cathode. The Alq3/DCM2 guest-host system is used as the emitting layer. This study focuses on the design and the fabrication of a half-wavelength thick organic hetero-structure exhibiting a high current density despite both the thickness increase and the cathode thickness reduction. The emission wavelength, the line-width narrowing and the current-density are studied as a function of two key parameters: the hetero-structure optical thickness and the aluminum cathode thickness. The experimental results show that a 125 nm thick cavity OLED ended by a 20 nm thick aluminum cathode exhibits a resonance at 606 nm with a full width at half maximum of 11 nm, and with current-densities exceeding 0.5 A/cm². We show that even without a top high-quality-mirror the incomplete microcavity λ/2 OLED hetero-structure exhibits a clear modification of the spontaneous emission at normal incidence.

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