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Oman Med J. 2013 Jan;28(1):16-9. doi: 10.5001/omj.2013.04.

High-sensitivity C-reactive Protein and Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha in Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of the present study was to determine the alterations in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and Tumor Necrosis factor alpha levels in the blood serum of pseudoexfoliation syndrome cases (a disease with similar risk factors as systemic endothelial dysfunction diseases) and to compare the results with healthy individuals.

METHODS:

High-sensitivity C-reactive protein and Tumor Necrosis factor alpha levels were determined in 30 cases with pseudoexfoliation syndrome and in 30 control patients of the same age and sex, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

RESULTS:

The levels of high- sensitivity C-reactive protein and Tumor Necrosis factor alpha in the blood serum of patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (3.95±0.88 mg/l, 3.32±0.99 pg/ml, respectively) were significantly higher than in the control group (2.51±0.79mg/l, 0.43±0.15 pg/ml, respectively) p=0.001, p=0.002.

CONCLUSION:

The results suggest that increased levels of high- sensitivity C-reactive protein and Tumor Necrosis factor alpha, as markers of inflammation and peripheral endothelial dysfunction in pseudoexfoliation syndrome, may be risk factors for systemic and ocular manifestations of pseudoexfoliation syndrome.

KEYWORDS:

High sensitivity C-reactive protein; Pseudoexfoliation syndrome; Tumor necrosis factor alpha

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