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Front Comput Neurosci. 2013 Feb 5;7:2. doi: 10.3389/fncom.2013.00002. eCollection 2013.

The anesthetic propofol shifts the frequency of maximum spectral power in EEG during general anesthesia: analytical insights from a linear model.

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INRIA CR Nancy - Grand Est, Team CORTEX Villers-les-Nancy, France.


The work introduces a linear neural population model that allows to derive analytically the power spectrum subjected to the concentration of the anesthetic propofol. The analytical study of the power spectrum of the systems activity gives conditions on how the frequency of maximum power in experimental electroencephalographic (EEG) changes dependent on the propofol concentration. In this context, we explain the anesthetic-induced power increase in neural activity by an oscillatory instability and derive conditions under which the power peak shifts to larger frequencies as observed experimentally in EEG. Moreover the work predicts that the power increase only occurs while the frequency of maximum power increases. Numerically simulations of the systems activity complement the analytical results.


EEG; general anesthesia; neural fields; power spectrum; propofol

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