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Bioessays. 2013 May;35(5):414-6. doi: 10.1002/bies.201200182. Epub 2013 Feb 6.

When peers are not peers and don't know it: The Dunning-Kruger effect and self-fulfilling prophecy in peer-review.

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1
Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA, USA; Institute for Biocomplexity and Informatics, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. shuang@systemsbiology.org

Abstract

The fateful combination of (i) the Dunning-Kruger effect (ignorance of one's own ignorance) with (ii) the nonlinear dynamics of the echo-chamber between reviewers and editors fuels a self-reinforcing collective delusion system that sometimes spirals uncontrollably away from objectivity and truth. Escape from this subconscious meta-ignorance is a formidable challenge but if achieved will help correct a central deficit of the peer-review process that stifles innovation and paradigm shifts.

PMID:
23386501
DOI:
10.1002/bies.201200182
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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