Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst. 2014 Dec;15(4):362-77. doi: 10.1177/1470320312474049. Epub 2013 Feb 5.

The role of oxidative stress in renal injury induced in rats by losartan exposure during lactation.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.
2
Department of Pathology, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.
3
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, Brazil tmcoimbr@fmrp.usp.br.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Rats exposed to angiotensin II (AII) receptor antagonists during lactation present progressive disturbances in renal development that lead to progressive alterations in renal function and structure. This study evaluates the role of oxidative stress in the renal changes induced by exposure to losartan, a type 1 AII receptor antagonist, in rats during lactation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Male Wistar pups were divided into: Control, pups of dams that received 2% sucrose solution; Control-tempol, pups of dams that received tempol (0.34 g/l), a superoxide dismutase mimetic compound; Losartan, pups of dams that received losartan (100 mg/kg/day), and Losartan-tempol, pups of dams that received losartan and tempol. Losartan and/or tempol were administered during lactation. Blood and urine samples were collected at 21 or 60 days, and the kidneys were removed.

RESULTS:

Losartan-treated pups exhibited disturbances in renal function and structure that persisted into adulthood. Tempol treatment reduced oxidative stress and attenuated the changes induced by losartan in the glomerular filtration rate, desmin expression at the glomerular edge, vimentin in tubular cells, as well as apoptosis and inflammatory infiltration in the renal cortex.

CONCLUSION:

Oxidative stress contributes at least in part to the renal injury observed in pups exposed to losartan during lactation.

KEYWORDS:

Angiotensin II receptor; lactation; losartan; oxidative stress; renal development; tempol

PMID:
23386285
DOI:
10.1177/1470320312474049
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center