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Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013 May;131(5):1107-15. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3182865dfb.

rhBMP-2 with a demineralized bone matrix scaffold versus autologous iliac crest bone graft for alveolar cleft reconstruction.

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Division of Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, CA, USA.



Secondary alveolar cleft reconstruction using autologous iliac crest bone graft is currently the standard treatment for alveolar clefts. Although effective, harvesting autologous bone may result in considerable donor-site morbidity, most commonly pain and the potential for long-term sensory disturbances. In an effort to decrease patient morbidity, a novel technique using recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP)-2 encased in a demineralized bone matrix scaffold was developed as an alternative to autografting for secondary alveolar cleft reconstruction.


A chart review was conducted for the 55 patients who underwent secondary alveolar cleft reconstruction over a 2-year period with a mean follow-up of 21 months. Of these, 36 patients received rhBMP-2/demineralized bone matrix scaffold (including 10 patients with previously failed repairs using iliac crest bone grafting) and 19 patients underwent iliac crest bone grafting. Postoperatively, bone stock was evaluated using occlusal radiographs rated according to the Bergland and Chelsea scales.


Alveolar clefts repaired using rhBMP-2/demineralized bone matrix scaffold were 97.2 percent successful compared with 84.2 percent with iliac crest bone grafting. Radiographically, initial repairs with rhBMP-2/demineralized bone matrix scaffold were superior to iliac crest bone grafting according to both Bergland and Chelsea scales, and significantly more patients in the rhBMP-2/demineralized bone matrix scaffold group had coronal bridging. The postoperative intraoral infection rate following iliac crest bone grafting was significantly greater than for rhBMP-2/demineralized bone matrix scaffold. The cost of rhBMP-2/demineralized bone matrix scaffold products was offset by cost savings associated with a reduction in operative time averaging 102 minutes.


rhBMP-2 encased in a demineralized bone matrix scaffold appears to be a viable alternative for secondary alveolar cleft repair. Patients are spared donor-site morbidity and achieve excellent results, decreasing operative time, and increasing operating room use.


Therapeutic, III.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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