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Phys Rev Lett. 2013 Jan 11;110(2):027002. Epub 2013 Jan 9.

Monte Carlo study of an unconventional superconducting phase in iridium oxide J(eff)=1/2 Mott insulators induced by carrier doping.

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Computational Condensed Matter Physics Laboratory, RIKEN ASI, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan.


Based on a microscopic theoretical study, we show that novel superconductivity is induced by carrier doping in layered perovskite Ir oxides where a strong spin-orbit coupling causes an effective total angular momentum J(eff)=1/2 Mott insulator. Using a variational Monte Carlo method, we find an unconventional superconducting state in the ground state phase diagram of a t(2g) three-orbital Hubbard model on the square lattice. This superconducting state is characterized by a d(x(2)-y(2))-wave "pseudospin singlet" formed by the J(eff)=1/2 Kramers doublet, which thus contains interorbital as well as both singlet and triplet components of t(2g) electrons. The superconducting state is found stable only by electron doping, but not by hole doping, for the case of carrier doped Sr2IrO4. We also study an effective single-orbital Hubbard model to discuss the similarities to high-T

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