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PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e54409. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054409. Epub 2013 Jan 30.

Poor adherence to national and international breastfeeding duration targets in an Australian longitudinal cohort.

Author information

1
Research Centre for Gender Health and Ageing, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia. alexis.hure@newcastle.edu.au

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To report on the proportion and characteristics of Australian infants who are fed, and mothers who feed, in accordance with the national and international breastfeeding duration targets of six, 12 and 24 months. Furthermore, to examine the longitudinal breastfeeding duration patterns for women with more than one child.

METHODS:

Breastfeeding duration data for 9773 children have been self-reported by a national sample of 5091 mothers aged 30-36 years in 2009, participating in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health.

RESULTS:

Only 60% of infants received the minimum recommended 6 months of breast milk, irrespective of breastfeeding exclusivity. Less than 30% of infants received any breast milk at 12 months, and less than 3% were breastfed to the international target of 24 months. Young, less educated, unmarried or low-income women were at an increased risk of premature breastfeeding cessation. For women with three or more children, nearly 75% of women who breastfed their first child for at least six months reached this breastfeeding duration target for their next two children.

CONCLUSION:

While national breastfeeding rates are typically evaluated in relation to the infant, a novel component of our study is that we have assessed maternal adherence to breastfeeding duration targets and the longitudinal feeding practices of women with more than one child. Separate evaluations of maternal and infant breastfeeding rates are important as they differ in their implications for public health policy and practice.

PMID:
23382897
PMCID:
PMC3559550
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0054409
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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