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Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Mar;10(3):187-94. doi: 10.1038/nrgastro.2013.11. Epub 2013 Feb 5.

Current management strategies and emerging treatments for functional dyspepsia.

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  • 1Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research (CENTER), Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street S.W., Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

Erratum in

  • Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Jun;10(6):320.

Abstract

Functional dyspepsia refers to painful and nonpainful symptoms that are perceived to arise in the upper digestive tract but are not secondary to organic, systemic or metabolic diseases. The symptoms of this syndrome often overlap with those of GERD and IBS, making its management far from simple. If Helicobacter pylori infection is diagnosed in patients with functional dyspepsia, it should be treated. In patients with mild or intermittent symptoms, reassurance and lifestyle advice might be sufficient; in patients not responding to these measures, or in those with more severe symptoms, drug therapy should be considered. Both PPIs and prokinetics can be used in initial empirical pharmacotherapy based on symptom patterns--a PPI is more likely to be effective in the presence of retrosternal or epigastric burning or epigastric pain, whereas a prokinetic is more effective in dyspepsia with early satiation or postprandial fullness. Although combinations of PPIs and prokinetics might have additive symptomatic effects, single-drug therapy is initially preferable. Antidepressants or referral to a psychiatrist or psychotherapist can be considered in nonresponders and in those whose symptoms have a marked effect on daily functioning. Despite extensive research, functional dyspepsia treatment often remains unsatisfactory. Better characterization of dyspeptic subgroups and understanding of underlying mechanisms will enable treatment advances to be made in the future.

PMID:
23381190
DOI:
10.1038/nrgastro.2013.11
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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