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Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2013 Jan-Feb;31(1 Suppl 75):S38-44. Epub 2013 Feb 1.

Changes in proteinase 3 anti-neutrophil cytoplasm autoantibody levels in early systemic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's) may reflect treatment rather than disease activity.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Immunology, Statens Seruminstitut, Copenhagen, Denmark. NIR@ssi.dk

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the nature of the relationship between proteinase 3 anti-neutrophil cytoplasm autoantibody (PR3-ANCA) and relapse in patients with early systemic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's) (GPA).

METHODS:

Clinical data from 16 relapsing and 12 non-relapsing patients with early systemic GPA from a randomised clinical trial were correlated to monthly PR3-ANCA values over 18 months. Each sample was examined using 9 different enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) to ensure reliability of ANCA results. PR3-ANCA peaks were identified by the highest sum of logarithmic transformation values from all assays in samples after remission.

RESULTS:

A PR3-ANCA peak was identified in all relapsing and non-relapsing patients and coincided with relapse in all 14 evaluable relapsing patients. The monthly increment before the peak, however, was similar in relapsing and non-relapsing patients in all assays. Increments from remission to peak were higher in relapsing patients in 2/9 assays. PR3-ANCA values at entry and peak PR3-ANCA values were higher in relapsing patients in 3/9 and 2/9 assays, respectively. However, large overlaps of PR3-ANCA values prevented a distinction between relapsing and non-relapsing patients. The median time to reach peak values was 14 months in relapsing and 12 months in non-relapsing patients with scheduled termination of treatment at 12 months.

CONCLUSIONS:

The predictive value for relapses of PR3-ANCA determinations confirm and extend previous reports. Although all relapses were related to PR3-ANCA increases, reduction or withdrawal of immunosuppression without relapse was also related to increases and may explain the lack of predictive value of sequential PR3-ANCA determinations.

PMID:
23380137
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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