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Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 2013 Feb;21(1):29-37. doi: 10.1037/a0031009.

Alcohol consumption and urges to smoke among women during a smoking cessation attempt.

Author information

1
Division of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, University of Texas School of Public Health, TX 75390-9128, USA. michael.businelle@utsouthwestern.edu

Abstract

Laboratory and ad libitum smoking studies have indicated that alcohol consumption increases the frequency and intensity of smoking urges. However, few studies have examined the relation between smoking urges and alcohol use in natural settings during a quit attempt. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between smoking urge and alcohol use in women who reported drinking on at least one occasion during the first 7 days of a smoking quit attempt (N = 134). Participants were asked to use a palmtop computer to complete assessments that recorded smoking urges and recent alcohol use. Multilevel analyses examined the relation between smoking urge parameters and alcohol use. Smoking urges were higher during assessments where alcohol had been recently consumed compared to assessments where no alcohol had been consumed. Interestingly, the first urge rating of the day was higher and urges were more volatile on days where alcohol would eventually be consumed as compared to days where no alcohol was consumed. A closer examination of urge parameters on drinking days indicated that smoking urge trajectory was significantly flatter and urge volatility was significantly higher following alcohol consumption. However, smoking urge trajectory also flattened later in the day on nondrinking days. The findings suggest that there may be reciprocal relations between smoking urge and alcohol use (e.g., higher initial urges and more volatile urges may increase the likelihood of alcohol use, and alcohol use may impact within-day smoking urge parameters), and these relations could potentially impact smoking cessation and relapse.

PMID:
23379613
PMCID:
PMC3854865
DOI:
10.1037/a0031009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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