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Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2012 Dec;33(12):4205-11.

[Effects of simulated warming on soil respiration in a cropland under winter wheat-soybean rotation].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China. liuyan19850205@163.com

Abstract

This study was aimed to investigate the effects of simulated warming on soil respiration in a cropland under winter wheat-soybean rotation. Randomized experiments were carried out in the cropland. 6 Plots were arranged and there were 2 treatments, simulated warming and control. A portable soil CO2 fluxes system (LI-8100) was used to measure soil respiration rates. Soil CO2 production rates were determined by using a Barometric Process Separation (BaPS) method. Soil temperature and soil moisture were simultaneously determined when measuring soil respiration rates. Results indicated that soil respiration rates in different treatments showed similar seasonal variability, in accordance with the variability in soil temperature. Seasonal mean soil respiration rates for simulated warming and control treatments were 3.54 and 2.49 micromol x (m2 x s)(-1), respectively, during the winter wheat growth season, while they were 4.80 and 4.14 micromol x (m2 x s)(-1), respectively, during the soybean growth season. Simulated warming significantly (P < 0.05) enhanced soil respiration during both the winter wheat and soybean growth seasons. The impact of simulated warming on soil respiration was particularly obvious during the later growth stages of winter wheat (from heading to maturity stages) and soybean (from flowing to maturity stages). Further investigations suggested that, for both the winter wheat and soybean growth seasons, the relationship between soil respiration and soil temperature could be well explained (P < 0.01) by exponential functions. The temperature sensitivity (Q10) of soil respiration in the simulated warming treatments was significantly higher than that in the control treatments. The Q10 values for the simulated warming and control treatments were 1.83 and 1.26, respectively, during the winter wheat growth season, while they were 2.85 and 1.70, respectively, during the soybean growth season. This study showed that simulated warming significantly increased soil respiration in the cropland.

PMID:
23379143
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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