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Sci Rep. 2013;3:1190. doi: 10.1038/srep01190. Epub 2013 Feb 1.

Bubbling behavior of a fluidized bed of fine particles caused by vibration-induced air inflow.

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Department of Chemical Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 615-8510, Japan.


We demonstrate that a vibration-induced air inflow can cause vigorous bubbling in a bed of fine particles and report the mechanism by which this phenomenon occurs. When convective flow occurs in a powder bed as a result of vibrations, the upper powder layer with a high void ratio moves downward and is compressed. This process forces the air in the powder layer out, which leads to the formation of bubbles that rise and eventually burst at the top surface of the powder bed. A negative pressure is created below the rising bubbles. A narrow opening at the bottom allows the outside air to flow into the powder bed, which produces a vigorously bubbling fluidized bed that does not require the use of an external air supply system.

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