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Clin Exp Nephrol. 2013 Dec;17(6):811-8. doi: 10.1007/s10157-013-0775-y. Epub 2013 Feb 2.

Reduced podocin expression in minimal change disease and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis is related to the level of proteinuria.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, 226014, India, vinita@sgpgi.ac.in.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Glomerular podocyte molecules are involved in the pathogenesis of congenital nephrotic syndrome. However, their role in primary nephrotic syndrome is not clear. This study investigated the expression of nephrin, podocin and synaptopodin in primary nephrotic syndrome.

METHODS:

Eighty-seven patients with primary nephrotic syndrome including minimal change disease (MCD), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), membranous nephropathy (MN) and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis Type I (MPGN) were included in the study. Glomerular expression of nephrin, podocin and synaptopodin was studied in renal biopsies by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry. Correlation of expression with clinical and biochemical parameters was performed.

RESULTS:

The pattern of expression for all podocyte proteins in controls was uniform fine granular along the capillary walls towards the visceral epithelial cell aspect. Glomerular expression of nephrin was present in all renal biopsies and was similar to that in controls. Glomerular synaptopodin expression was seen in all MN and MPGN patients, while it was seen in 74 % (17/23) MCD and 93.5 % (29/31) FSGS. Reduced synaptopodin expression showed no correlation with clinical and biochemical factors. Podocin expression was present in 5/23 MCD (22 %), 3/31 FSGS (9.6 %), 13/17 MN (76.4 %) and 13/16 MPGN (81 %) patients. The reduced expression of podocin significantly correlated with the degree of proteinuria (p = 0.032). No correlation with age, gender and serum creatinine level was observed.

CONCLUSION:

Reduction of glomerular podocin expression found in MCD and FSGS is related to the amount of proteinuria. Our findings suggest that alteration in podocyte phenotype may not be a primary event and may reflect the degree of podocyte injury in primary nephrotic syndrome.

PMID:
23377573
DOI:
10.1007/s10157-013-0775-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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