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Molecules. 2013 Feb 1;18(2):1933-48. doi: 10.3390/molecules18021933.

Design, synthesis and hepatoprotective activity of analogs of the natural product goodyeroside A.

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State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Function of Natural Medicines & Beijing Key Laboratory of Active Substances Discovery and Druggability Evaluation, Institute of Materia Medica, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100050, China.


Goodyeroside A, a natural product isolated from the Goodyera species, possesses significant hepatoprotective activity and has a novel skeleton not previously observed in other synthetic drugs used for the treatment of hepatitis. Herein, we report a highly stereoselective synthesis of goodyeroside A and related analogs with varying substituents at the α position of the carbonyl group to explore the structure-activity relationships of goodyeroside A. The absolute configuration of analog 5d was confirmed by single crystal X-ray analysis. The results from in vitro and in vivo studies indicate that 5a, the fully acetylated compound of goodyeroside A, is worthy of further investigation as a lead to identify novel hepatoprotective agents.

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