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Toxicol Ind Health. 2015 Sep;31(9):823-30. doi: 10.1177/0748233713475508. Epub 2013 Feb 1.

Influence of pesticide exposure on carbonic anhydrase II from sheep stomach.

Author information

1
Biochemistry Division, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey.
2
Biochemistry Division, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey beydemir@atauni.edu.tr.

Abstract

Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is a widely distributed enzyme and has a crucial role in the cells, tissues and organs of living organisms. It is found that CA-II is one of the most abundant CA isoenzymes in the gastrointestinal system. It plays an important role in the gastric acid secretion in stomach. In this study, we purified CA-II isoenzyme from sheep stomach with a 615.2 purification fold, 78% purification yield and 5562.02 specific activity. Moreover, the in vitro effects of some commonly used pesticides including chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin, dichlorvos, glyphosate isopropylamine and lambda cyhalomethrin on the enzyme activity were investigated. Of these compounds, glyphosate isopropylamine and dichlorvos showed an inhibition on CA-II esterase activity. They have IC50 values of 0.155 µM and 2.690 µM and Ki values of 0.329 µM and 3.654 µM, respectively. Both glyphosate isopropylamine and dichlorvos inhibited CA-II isoenzyme in a noncompetitive manner.

KEYWORDS:

Carbonic anhydrase; enzyme inhibition; pesticides; sheep stomach

PMID:
23377119
DOI:
10.1177/0748233713475508
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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