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Biotech Histochem. 2013 Oct;88(7):397-402. doi: 10.3109/10520295.2012.762460. Epub 2013 Feb 4.

MicroRNA-100 regulates IGF1-receptor expression in metastatic pancreatic cancer cells.

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University of Louisville , Louisville , Kentucky.


Patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma have the lowest 5 year survival rate and yearly rates of incidence are nearly equal to the mortality rates. Long term cure rates by standard therapies are disappointing owing to disseminated disease at diagnosis and chemotherapeutic resistance. New therapeutic targets are necessary to decrease the progression of pancreatic cancer and the ability to identify targets specific to metastasis would improve patient care. We evaluated the levels of microRNA of metastatic and non-metastatic cell lines. The expression levels of microRNAs and mRNAs were determined using microarray analysis to examine and compare five pancreatic cancer cell lines, two that can metastasize in vivo (S2VP10 and S2CP9) and three that do not metastasize (MiaPaCa2, Panc-1 and ASPC-1). MicroRNA analysis indicated an increase in miR-100 and a decrease in miR-138 expression in metastatic cancer cells. Microarray analysis of different expressions of mRNAs in metastatic and non-metastatic pancreatic cell lines also indicated significantly increased insulin growth factor-1 receptor (IGF1-R) expression in metastatic pancreatic cancer cell lines compared to non-metastatic pancreatic cancer cell lines. To confirm microarray analysis results, western blot and immunocytochemistry were performed. Western blot revealed that IGF1-R expression exhibited in metastatic cancer cell lines a seven-fold increase compared to non-metastatic cell lines. In addition, downstream expressions of the proteins, GRB2 and phosphorylated PI3K, also were increased in aggressive cancer cell lines. Immunocytochemistry confirmed the linkage of IGF1-R to miR-100, because cells transfected with miR-100 inhibitor showed a decrease in IGF1-R. Cells transfected with a miR-138 mimic, however, did not affect IGF1-R expression.

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