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HIV Clin Trials. 2013 Jan-Feb;14(1):1-9. doi: 10.1410/hct1401-1.

Lipid-lowering effect and efficacy after switching to etravirine in HIV-infected patients with intolerance to suppressive HAART.

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  • 1Department of Infectious Diseases, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain.



Etravirine (ETR) has shown a good lipid profile in previous studies. The aim of this study was to determine the virologic, immunologic, and lipid outcome in HIV-infected patients switching to an ETR-based antiretroviral regimen due to intolerance or toxicity.


Observational cohort study of 125 HIV-infected patients who switched therapy to an ETR-based regimen. The lipid profile, including total triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was compared after 24 weeks.


Patients changed from efavirenz (n = 34; 28%) and ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors (PI/r; 67 cases: 21 atazanavir, 21 lopinavir, 11 fosamprenavir, 14 darunavir). Hyperlipidemia was the cause in only 22 patients (18%). At 24 weeks, a significant decrease was observed in mean TC level (-8%), LDL-C (-8%), TC:HDL ratio (-6%), and TG level (-20%). For patients receiving previously efavirenz, there was a significant reduction in TC (-23 mg/dL; -13%) and LDL-C (-25 mg/dL; -21%) levels and a trend to a better TG level (-38 mg/dL; -21%;P = .06). In the case of prior PI/r therapy, there was also a significant reduction in TC (-14 mg/dL; -6%) and TG levels (-58 mg/dL; -16%), mostly in prior lopinavir- or fosamprenavir-based therapy (TC -15%; TG -53%). Median CD4+ count increased from 513 to 621 cells/µL (P = .03), and there were only 3 cases of virologic failure (2%).


In patients switching to an ETR-containing regimen, there is a significant improvement of lipids and maintenance of immunologic and virologic response. This lipid-lowering effect was irrespective of the presence of previous hyperlipidemia and for patients receiving different antiretroviral drugs.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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