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Can J Anaesth. 2013 Apr;60(4):370-6. doi: 10.1007/s12630-013-9896-8. Epub 2013 Feb 1.

The effects of lidocaine spray and intracuff alkalinized lidocaine on the occurrence of cough at extubation: a double-blind randomized controlled trial.

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1
Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, 3001, 12e Avenue Nord, Sherbrooke, QC, J1H 5N4, Canada.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of lidocaine sprayed onto the larynx and/or injected into the tracheal tube cuff to decrease the incidence of cough at extubation and postoperative sore throat.

METHODS:

One hundred twenty women scheduled for gynecological surgery < 120 min in duration were enrolled in this randomized double-blind prospective study. Prior to tracheal intubation, 4% lidocaine or 0.9% saline was sprayed onto the patients' supra- and subglottic areas. After tracheal intubation, the tracheal tube cuff was filled with either an alkalinized 2% lidocaine solution or 0.9% saline. This resulted in four groups: spray-cuff, spray-saline, saline-cuff, and saline-saline. A logistic regression comprising the two factors was used for analysis. The primary outcome was the incidence of cough at extubation. The secondary outcome was the incidence and severity of sore throat reported by patients at 15 min, 60 min, and 24 hr after tracheal extubation.

RESULTS:

Cough occurred in 42%, 24%, 63%, and 69% of patients in the spray-cuff, spray-saline, saline-cuff, and saline-saline groups, respectively. The use of lidocaine spray decreased the incidence of cough at extubation (odds ratio = 0.256; 95% confidence interval 0.118 to 0.554; P < 0.001); however, the use of intracuff alkalinized lidocaine had no impact on the occurrence of cough (P = 0.471). Severity of sore throat was clinically low (visual analog scale [VAS] ≤ 3) in all groups. No significant difference was observed in hoarseness, dysphagia, nausea, or vomiting.

CONCLUSION:

Sprayed lidocaine decreases the incidence of cough at tracheal extubation in surgeries of less than two hours. The use of alkalinized lidocaine into high-volume/low-pressure endotracheal cuffs had no impact on decreasing the incidence of cough or pain.

PMID:
23370978
DOI:
10.1007/s12630-013-9896-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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