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Subst Use Misuse. 2013 Mar;48(4):297-308. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2012.761713. Epub 2013 Jan 31.

An evaluation of the stress-negative affect model in explaining alcohol use: the role of components of negative affect and coping style.

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Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA.


The stress-negative affect model for alcohol use was examined. The mediating roles of different components of negative affect were tested in the context of coping style. Data from 1,057 drinking adults (MageĀ = 44.45) and 352 drinking college students (Mage = 19.07) collected during 2001-2005 and in 2010, respectively, were examined separately. Participants completed self-administered measures of alcohol use, coping strategies, negative life events, and negative affect. A structural equation modeling framework detected stress-related drinking only in the adult sample. Sadness, anger, and guilt were significant mediators and the significant pathways differed based on coping style. The implications and limitations of the study are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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