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Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Nov 30;109(22):226404. Epub 2012 Nov 27.

Giant anisotropy of spin-orbit splitting at the bismuth surface.

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Synchrotron SOLEIL, L'Orme des Merisiers, Saint-Aubin-BP 48, F-91192 Gif sur Yvette, France.


We investigate the bismuth (111) surface by means of time and angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy. The parallel detection of the surface states below and above the Fermi level reveals a giant anisotropy of the spin-orbit spitting. These strong deviations from the Rashba-like coupling cannot be treated in k·p perturbation theory. Instead, first principles calculations could accurately reproduce the experimental dispersion of the electronic states. Our analysis shows that the giant anisotropy of the spin-orbit splitting is due to a large out-of plane buckling of the spin and orbital texture.

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