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Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012;2012:4942-5. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6347101.

Patch-based automatic retinal vessel segmentation in global and local structural context.

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  • 1Bioengineering Department, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ.


In this paper, we extend our published work [1] and propose an automated system to segment retinal vessel bed in digital fundus images with enough adaptability to analyze images from fluorescein angiography. This approach takes into account both the global and local context and enables both vessel segmentation and microvascular centreline extraction. These tools should allow researchers and clinicians to estimate and assess vessel diameter, capillary blood volume and microvascular topology for early stage disease detection, monitoring and treatment. Global vessel bed segmentation is achieved by combining phase-invariant orientation fields with neighbourhood pixel intensities in a patch-based feature vector for supervised learning. This approach is evaluated against benchmarks on the DRIVE database [2]. Local microvascular centrelines within Regions-of-Interest (ROIs) are segmented by linking the phase-invariant orientation measures with phase-selective local structure features. Our global and local structural segmentation can be used to assess both pathological structural alterations and microemboli occurrence in non-invasive clinical settings in a longitudinal study.

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